Chengdu Transportation System

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Chengdu Air Transport

Chengdu is served by the Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport located in Shuangliu County 16 km (9.9 mi) southwest of downtown. It has been the busiest airport in Central and Western China and the 4th busiest airhub city nationwide, with a total of 29.07 million in terms of passenger traffic in 2011. The number surpassed 31.59 million in 2012.

The Chengdu Airport has constructed a second runway, capable of landing an Airbus 380, the largest commercial(passenger) airplane to date. Chengdu is the fourth city in China with double commercial runways, after Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. On May 26, 2009, Air China, the Chengdu Government and Sichuan Airport Group signed an agreement to improve the infrastructure of the airport and increase the number of international direct flights to and from Chengdu. The objective is to have a passenger traffic of 40 million by 2015, making Chengdu Airport the fourth international hub in China, after Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. There is also a long-term plan to build a second airport in Jintang County with five runways. Upon completion, it will take less than 30 minutes to travel from Jintang to downtown Chengdu.

Chengdu Railway transport

Chengdu is a major railway junction city and rail administrative center in southwestern China. It is the terminus for railways leading to Baoji, Shaanxi, Chongqing, Kunming, Yunnan and Dazhou, as well as the Chengdu-Dujiangyan High-Speed Railway. The Chengdu Railway Bureau manages the railway system of Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou and Yunnan.

Since April 2013, a new solution allows companies to ship goods to Europe by Train starting from Chengdu Qingbaijiang Station with final destination Lodz, Poland. It is the fist express train linking China and Europe with a transit time of 12 to 14 days.

New lines under construction include conventional line to Lanzhou and new high-speed lines to Mianyang, Leshan and Chongqing.

There are two major passenger stations servicing Chengdu. They are Chengdu Railway Station (commonly referred to as the "North Station") and the new modern Chengdu East Railway Station, which was opened in May 2011. There are also two minor passenger stations, the Chengdu South Railway Station (closed for renovation and expansion) and Chengdu West Railway Station (under construction).

Chengdu also has four main freight train stations. Among them the North Marshalling Station is one of the largest marshalling station in Asia.

Chengdu Intercity High-Speed Rail

Chengdu and Chongqing are connected by a high speed rail service via Suining. This service is being upgraded from the current 200 km/h (120 mph) up to 350 km/h (220 mph) trains with construction of the Chengdu¨CChongqing High-Speed Railway. This is being built on new and upgraded trackage along the current route with an expected completion in 2014.

The Chengdu¨CDujiangyan High-Speed Railway is a dual-track, electrified, passenger-dedicated, high-speed rail line connecting the urban area of Chengdu with the satellite city of Dujiangyan. The line is 65 km (40 mi) in length with 15 stations. China Railways CRH1 train sets on the line reach a maximum speed of 220 km/h (140 mph) and make the full-trip in 30 minutes. The line was built in 18 months and entered into operation on May 12, 2010. The railway is built to withstand an 8.0-magnitude earthquake.

On May 28, 2008, 16 days after the Wenchuan Earthquake devastated Dujiangyan and the western suburbs of Chengdu, the Chengdu city government and the Ministry of Railways agreed to build a high-speed railway line as part of the reconstruction of the disaster zone. Construction began on November 4, 2008 and involved 20,000 workers at the cost of Y13 billion. The line entered trial operation on April 1, 2010 and full commercial operation began on May 12, 2010, the second anniversary of the large earthquake that killed some 70,000 people in the region.

The route uses CRH1 trains in eight-car train sets, which can carry 661 passengers. Each day, 15 pairs of trains are scheduled daily between Chengdu and Dujiangyan¡¯s Mountain Qingcheng Station.

Jiangyou, Mianyang and Leshan are being connected to Chengdu by a regional north-south running high speed rail network. It will be designed to run at 200Kph. Construction commenced in 2008 and is due for completion by the end of 2012.

Chengdu Expressways

Chengdu's transportation network is well developed, and Chengdu serves as the starting point for many national highways, with major routes going from Sichuan-Shanxi, Sichuan-Tibet, and Sichuan-Yunnan.

For the year 2007, Chengdu announced the official launch of 37 significant projects, including the Chengdu-Jianyang Expressway in an attempt to accelerate the construction of the experimental district. This project is expected to solve the current transportation problem, which is proved to be the bottleneck in Jianyang's development. Development of major tunnels and the Longquan Lake scenic spot has also been planned to integrate Jianyang better into the Chengdu economic circle.

Several major road projects were also mentioned in the paper: a 15 km (9.3 mi) tunnel from Shuangliu Taiping to Jianyang Sancha Lake; alteration of the National Expressway 321, from Jiangyang to Longquanyi, totaling 26 km (16 mi). There will also be a road that connects Longquan Town to Longquan Lake-it will be connected to the Chengdu-Jianyang Expressway and hence shorten the journey by 10 km (6.2 mi). The authority has yet to decide whether drivers will have to pay tolls to access the road.By the end of 2008, there are ten expressways, connecting the center of Chengdu to its suburbs. The expressways that will be open to the public by the end of December are the Chenglin Expressway, extensions of Guanghua Avenue, Shawan Line, and an expressway from Chengdu to Heilongtan.

The toll-free Chengjin Expressway in the east of Chengdu is 38.7 km (24.0 mi) long, with six lines. After it opens to the public, it will take only about half an hour to drive from the downtown Chengdu to Jintang, half the time of the current journey.

The expressway between Chengdu to Heilongtan (Chengdu section), going to the south of the city, is 42 km (26 mi) long. It is also toll-free and a journey from downtown Chengdu to Heilongtan will only take half an hour.

The extension of Guanghua Avenue, going towards the west of the city, is 11.6 km (7.2 mi) long with an estimated investment of 300 million yuan. It will cut the journey time from Chongzhou City to Sanhuan Road to less than half an hour.

The extension of Shawan Road going north will be 8.8 km (5.5 mi) long, and is designed for travel at 60 km/h (37 mph). After it is connected to the expressways Pixian-Dujiangyan and Pixian-Pengzhou, it will take only 30 minutes to go from Chengdu to Pengzhou.

Via the Sichuan-Tibet Highway, from Chengdu to Nagchu (near Lhasa) is a distance of 2,028 km (1,260 mi).