Chongqing Ciqikou Ancient Town

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Ciqikou is an ancient town in the Shapingba District of Chongqing Municipality, People's Republic of China, originally called Longyinzhen was also known as Little Chongqing. According to an old Chinese proverb: "One flagstone road, and one thousand years' Ciqikou".

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Ciqikou Ancient Town
Ciqikou Ancient Town

The name of the town can be traced back to porcelain production during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasties. Formerly a busy port located at the lower reaches of the Jialing River, a thousand years after its foundation the town remains a symbol and microcosm of old Chongqing (Jiang Zhou).

Ciqikou Ancient Town
Ciqikou Ancient Town

Ciqikou is located on the west bank of the Jialing River and covers an area of 1.18 square kilometres (0.46 sq mi). Three mountains, Mount Jingbi, Mount Fenghuang and Mount Ma'an lie in Ciqikou, whilst Fenghuang Quan and Qinshui Quan run across it. The geography of Ciqikou is considered to have perfect Fengshui by the local people.

Ciqikou Ancient Town
Ciqikou Ancient Town

According to historical records, Ciqikou was first built during the reign of Emperor Zhenzong of Song (998-1004). It gained prominence during the Ming Dynasty as a commercial port and market town, shipping goods both by land and water. Reaching its climax during the end of the Qing Dynasty, the town has been described poetically: in Ciqikou, as "one thousand people greet each other during day ... ten thousand lamps flicker at night".

Ciqikou Ancient Town
Ciqikou Ancient Town

Travelers to Chongqing and locals alike throng to Ciqikou's steep and narrow pedestrian streets. Shops sell porcelain, other handicrafts, and gifts, while restaurants and tea shops give visitors a look at what many areas of Chongqing were like before the metropolis became the vast urban agglomeration it is today. A 1,500-year-old Buddhist temple straddles the mountain in the middle of the old town.

Ciqikou Ancient Town
Ciqikou Ancient Town

Ciqikou is the source of Baci Culture. Many famous people lived here during the Second Sino-Japanese War, including Guo Moruo, Xu Beihong, Feng Zikai, Fu Baoshi, Ba Jin, Bing Xin, etc. Ding Zhaozhong, a well-known Chinese-born American scientist studied here for many years during his childhood.

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