Liuhe Pagoda, Six Harmonies Pagoda

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Liuhe Pagoda, literally Six Harmonies Pagoda, is a multi-story Chinese pagoda in southern Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China. It is located at the foot of Yuelun Hill, facing the Qiantang River.

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Liuhe Pagoda
Liuhe Pagoda

It was originally constructed in 970 AD during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), destroyed in 1121, and reconstructed fully by 1165, during the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279).Liuhe Pagoda is situated on the top of the Yuerun Mountain, is 59.89 meters tall and has eight floors. The views from the top are spectacular and ironically, many people now come here to watch the waterfalls nearby in the heavy rain period.

Liuhe Pagoda
Liuhe Pagoda

Features of Liuhe Pagoda

The current pagoda was constructed of wood and brick during the Southern Song Dynasty (420-589), and subsequently, during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasties (1644 -1911), additional exterior eaves were added to the pagoda. It is octagonal in shape and some 59.89 meters (196 feet) in height, it also has the appearance of being a thirteen-story structure, though it only has seven interior stories. There is a spiral staircase leading to the top floor and upon each of the seven ceilings are carved and painted figures including animals, flowers, birds and characters. Each story of the pagoda consists of four elements, the exterior walls, a zigzagged corridor, the interior walls and a small chamber. Viewed from outside, the pagoda appears to be layered-bright on the upper surface and dark underneath. That is a harmonious alternation of light and shade.

Upon ascending the pagoda, visitors will have a spectacular view of the Qiantang River Bridge spanning the surging tides of the Qiantang River. Near by the Six Harmonies Pagoda an exhibition center detailing ancient pagodas in China was set up in recently upon Yuelun Hill. So visitors can visit the Six Harmonies Pagoda and then learn of the various ancient pagodas architectural styles to be found within China.

Liuhe Pagoda
Liuhe Pagoda

History and background of Liuhe Pagoda

The pagoda was originally constructed by the ruler of the Wuyue kingdom, some of which would later makeup Zhejiang province. The name Liuhe comes from the six Buddhist ordinances and it is said that the reason for building the pagoda was to calm the tidal bore of the Qiantang River and as a navigational aid. However, the pagoda was completely destroyed during warfare in the year 1121.

Liuhe Pagoda
Liuhe Pagoda

The pagoda was in disrepair before 1900After the current pagoda was constructed of wood and brick during the Southern Song Dynasty, additional exterior eaves were added during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasties (1644-1911). The pagoda is octagonal in shape and some 59.89 metres (196.5 ft) in height, it also has the appearance of being a thirteen-storey structure, though it only has seven interior stories. There is a spiral staircase leading to the top floor and upon each of the seven ceilings are carved and painted figures including animals, flowers, birds and characters. Each story of the pagoda consists of four elements, the exterior walls, a zigzagged corridor, the interior walls and a small chamber. Viewed from outside, the pagoda appears to be layered-bright on the upper surface and dark underneath. That is a harmonious alternation of light and shade.

Liuhe Pagoda
Liuhe Pagoda

According to historian Joseph Needham, the pagoda also served as a lighthouse along the Qiantang River. Being of considerable size and stature, it actually served as a permanent lighthouse from nearly its beginning, to aid sailors in seeking anchorage for their ships at night.

A small "Pagoda Park" has recently been opened nearby. Its exhibition features models of ancient Chinese pagodas and illustrates the variety of different designs, as well as history, culture and symbols associated with the pagoda.

How to get Liuhe Pagoda

Opening Hours: 06:30 - 18:30
Address: Zhijiang Rd.West Lake District
Phone: 0571-86591401
Transportation: Buses: 2, K4, 308, 504; Tourism Bus: 5

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