Mount Huangshan

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Huangshan Geopark covering an area of 1,200km2 is situated in East China's Anhui Province. It is a geopark characterized by Mesozoic granite landscape.

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Huangshan Geopark
Huangshan Geopark

Huangshan Mountain is famous for its imposing, precipitous and fantastic view. There are 72 high and steep peaks over 1,000m high with widespread grotesque rocks. The peak tops are sharp and steep, while the peak feet directly stick in valleys, forming median-high mountainous landform with a group of high and steep peaks. At the mountain tops, sides and feet, granite stone forests and rock pillars are widely distributed, especially the rocks in grotesque shapes spread all over the peak group and valleys.

Huangshan Geopark
Huangshan Geopark

About 140Ma ago (Late Jurassic), the hot magma intruded upward along the weak zone of the crust in Huangshan Mountain. Around 65Ma ago, the intrusive bodies in Huangshan area were uplifted intensively. With the intermittent uplifting of the crust, the underground intrusive bodies and their overlying rock suffered weathing and erosion, and were effected by various crust stresses from different directions, resulting in the formation of joins of different directions. Since the beginning of Quaternary (1.75Ma ago), the intermittent uplift have formed 3 levels of erosion surfaces and finally formed Huangshan Mountain of today. These intrusive bodies are different in mineral composition, degree of crystallization, particle size of minerals, capability of resistance to weathing, nature of joints and density, thus forming the beautiful and superb landscape of Huangshan Mountain.

Huangshan Geopark
Huangshan Geopark

Huangshan Mountain is characterized by its "3 Wonders of Nature"-odd-shaped pines, spectacular cocks and ocean of clouds-and plentiful water bodies and their mutual combination. Limaqiao, Tiandu peak and Beihai ant other areas are famous for the possible occurrence of Quaternary glaciers. Controversy on the occurrence of glaciers in Huangshan Mountain has lasted for about half century, but no final conclusion has yet been reached so far. However, this also is where the fascination of the geopark lies.

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