Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum is a museum presenting Chinese ancient tombs in Luoyang, in the Henan province of China.
The Museum was established in 1984 and opened to the public in 1987. It is located on Mang Hill, in the eastern side of Zhongtou Village, about 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Luoyang City. The site occupies 3 hectares. Mangshan, where the museum is located, is a hill about 300m above sea level that was historically a burial ground.
Exhibits in the Ancient Tombs Museum
The museum comprises two parts: an underground and an above ground sections. The above ground part contains a Han-style gate and several halls. Tomb models from the Stone Age to the Han Dynasty, restored funerary objects and funeral rituals are displayed in the eastern hall.
The underground section is a tomb groups site which is about 7 meters underground and contains 22 tombs from Henan province. It is divided into three halls: the hall of Wei and Jin dynasties, the hall of Western Han and Eastern Han dynasties, and the hall of Tang and Song dynasties.
The tomb of Emperor Xuanwu of Northern Wei (483-515) is part of the Museum. Luoyang was the capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty from 493 to 534.
Review of Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum
Luoyang, as one of China's seven ancient capitals, boasts numerous relics from its varied past. Many of these have recently been excavated, or are being excavated, from the tombs that can be found about the city and its outskirts. An area with a high concentration of ancient burial sites is the Mang Hill (Mang shan), considered a lucky place, located to the north of Luoyang. The Museum of Ancient Tombs (Gumu bowuguan) has been set up to give the masses a chance to view some of the finds of these excavations, and 25 of the tombs from here have been moved, brick by brick, to the museum.
After passing through the imposing entranceway, guests are directed down underground, to a series of 5 halls sectioned off according to historical era and styles. The tombs are neatly lined one after the other, and are supposed to be of the original layout. The owners of these tombs were mostly from high level royal families, or the emperors themselves, so the items contained here are of impressive quality, the luxuries of their time. Especially nice are the later tombs, including some great Tang pottery and precious metal work, and some of the murals along the way. The tombs exhibited include styles from as old as 2000 years ago (the Han Dynasty from 206 BC-220 AD) and as recent as 800 years ago (the Song Dynasty from 960 AD-1279 AD).
An interesting old saying goes that Suzhou and Hangzhou are good places to live, while Luoyang is a good place to die. Many of the ancient emperors, princes, generals and other public celebrities took this advice and left orders that they were to be buried in Luoyang after their death. There are over 20 ancient tombs dating from the Han Dynasty to the North Song Dynasty. A museum was built at the site where many ancient tombs were excavated.
The museum is at the Mang Hill in the north suburb of the city, about 8 kilometers from the city center. Covering an area of around 3 hectare, it has two parts: the underground and above ground parts. The above ground part contains a Han-style gate, some halls. Tomb models from the Stone Age to the Han Dynasty, restored funerary objects and funeral rituals are displayed in the eastern hall.
The underground section is a tomb groups site which is about 7 meters underground. There are North and South Song Dynasties Hall, Wei and Jin Dynasties Hall, Tang and Song Dynasties Hall and a hall for refined items excavated from the tombs. Many of the vividly painted murals, valuable relics and a number of pottery figures are on display here. Visitors can also find the models of ancient tombs. 22 ancient tombs restored to their original styles are displayed here.
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