Built early in the twentieth century, Badaguan Scenic Spot was basically formed in the 1930s through an ongoing construction programme. It is called "Badaguan" due to the reason that its eight roads were named after China's important passes (now it has ten roads, as another two roads were built later), and they are Shaoguan Road,Ningwuguan Road,Zijingguan Road, Shanhaiguan Road, Juyongguan Road,Linhuaiguan Road,Zhengyangguan Road,Hangguguan Road,Jiayuguan Road,and Wushengguan Road, which form the seaside scenic spot of several kilometers along Huiquan Bay and Taiping Bay.
The trees planted on their sidewalks vary from road to road, contrasting pleasingly with all kinds of buildings. There are crepe myrtles in Zhengyuangguan Road, cedars in Zijingguan Road, peaches in Shaoguan Road and Chinese flowering crabapples in Ningwuguan Road.
Most buildings in "Badaguan" are villas with independent courtyards, typical of the modern European architectural style. It is known as "Architectural Fair of All Nations", with famous buildings such as "Stone House", "Princess Villa", etc. In June 1992, it was rated by Shandong Provincial Government as the major historical and cultural site under provincial protection. It was evaluated as "the most beautiful city area of china" in October 2005.
Features of Badaguan Scenic Area
Badaguan Scenic Area is a famous picturesque sanitarium area in China, located in the east of Qingdao city, Shandong Province. This place used to have eight avenues that were named after eight famous passes in China. Thus, it was named Badaguan, which means eight passes. After the People's Liberation, two more avenues were built in the area and there are now actually ten avenues. However, its name still remains the same.
Luxuriant trees growing along each avenue provide a pleasant shade in Badaguan Scenic Area. Moreover, there is a vast array of different flowers, which form a quiet, clean and beautiful environment all year-round. Each of the ten avenues has different flowers and trees. The flowers also bloom in different seasons and give this area its other beautiful name, Hua Jie, which means a flowery area.
What makes Badaguan so popular is not just its natural scenery, but also its garden-like villas and foreign-styled buildings. Badaguan Scenic Area used to be a place where people from more than twenty countries, such as Russia, Britain, France, Germany, the United States of America, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Switzerland, Japan and etc., constructed buildings in each of their unique national styles. After the People's Liberation, the government repaired the entire area and its buildings, symbolizing Badaguan's significance as one of the most important sanitaria in China. Many leaders of the Chinese Communist Party and foreign friends of China have stayed here for rehabilitation or simply, for pleasure.
Main Attractions in Badaguan Scenic Area
Hua Shi Villa is located in the east side of #2 Beach (No.18 HuangHai Road) and is regarded as the most well-known and representative villa in Badaguan Scenic Area. It spans an area of 753.7 square meters with 5 storeys. The most lauded is the terrific view of Taiping Bay from the top of villa. The name "Hua Shi" derived from its construction materials-granites and cobblestones in Chinese. Built in 1932, it originally belonged to a Russian. The unique castle absorbs the architectural essence from European, Greek, Roman and Gothic styles. It has been converted to be a luxury hotel for the famous and foreign guests after liberation. Due to a myriad of surrounding plants and magnificent architectural features, Hua Shi Villa is often used as the setting of wedding photographers and film productions. The villa is opened to the public daily for tours and CNY5 is needed as admission fee.
No. 2 Bathing Beach is an open scenic spot and located in Taiping Bay of Qingdao City. Providing a good view of immense blue sea, it is however valued for the unusual historical background. In 1957, Chairman Mao (Mao Zedong or Mao Tse Tung, the founder of the People's Republic of China), has come to the beach frequently for swimming when working in Qingdao city. Favored by Chairman Mao, it is chosen as a peaceful relaxing resort. Many visitors including famous guests all over the world are attracted to come here by its reputation. The beach is only opened to public in summer. When summer comes, thousands of people take their beach vacation for sun bathing, swimming or wedding photography. Well-graded pebbles, soft sand, flat slope, gentle waves, clean water and wide beach area create a comfortable and free atmosphere for total relaxation.
No.5 Shan Haiguan Road: Same as Hua Shi Villa, No.5 Shan Haiquan Road remains in use and is currently served as a reception facility. It was constructed around 1934 with more than 1.688 hectares and 603.84 square meters is used for the house area. Designed in the modern Japanese style, the villa exudes a quiet and mysterious atmosphere. Its wall is decorated with green glazed tile, which is climbed and covered with fragrant and graceful purple, lavender, blue and white wisteria. The villa holds appeal for famous guests, such as Mr. Deng Xiaoping (leader of China and reformer who led China towards a market economy) and Tan Zhenlin (political commissar in the People's Liberation Army during the Chinese Civil War).
No.1 Shan Haiguan Road: Situated in No.1 Shan Haiguan Road, the villa was built in 1933. It is an exotic French countryside style building and covers an area of 702.88 square meters with two storeys. Special arched door, chic half-round shape balcony, baroque style columns and fragrant garden display an amazing foreign ambience. For decades, many famous guests were invited to take up residence here and then fell in love with it soon.
Princess Villa is a building which truly lives up to its name -a lovely dreamlike house from the Danish architectural style. It was built in the mid of 1930s and set in more than 1000 square meters of landscapes. Being fascinated by the picturesque city, Danish prince decided to establish a house here for relaxation and pampering. It is said that the prince planned to invite princess of Denmark for summer vacation. This is how the name "Princess Villa" came from, even though the princess did not show up at last. Similar to the typical north European seaside style villa we often see, its top is a standard sloping roof in timber structure and wonderful sea views can be seen out of windows. The great mix of dark and light green walls make an unexpected delight. This 4-storey villa comprises a wide range of sophisticated facilities and fully reflects owner's good taste.
Diaoyu Island of Qingdao City: No.9 Shan Haiguan Road is on the west and has a long history of welcoming big names, from Kirk (Admiral of United States Seventh Fleet), Gil White (commander of United States Pacific Fleet) to Mr. Liu Shaoqi (Chairman of the people's Republic of China from 27 April 1959 to 31 October 1968), Zhou Enlai (the first Premier of the People's Republic of China). Hence, it is also well-known as "Diaoyu Island of Qingdao City". Two villas were built in this site. A 4-storey American style villa stands on the right side in the yard and evokes a feeling of timeless beauty for its simple and practical style. With an area of 1226.22 square meters, it is rather refined for the asymmetry design. Unlike normal buildings, most of its walls were replaced by glass brick and provide excellent panoramic views out of villa. The other building on the left side is a 5-star luxurious villa offering a wide range of facilities including indoor swimming pool, gym, Sauna room, bowling ball and billiard room etc.
The Marshal Mansion got its name for being spotted by many famous Chinese Marshals. It is Japanese architectural with an original style of Qingdao buildings. Although the total area is 929.53 square meters with only 2-storey, the villa creates a unique and tranquil place to stay. 3 guest rooms are available and a 1.93 hectares garden with rockery, pond, and curved bridge is around. The natural beauty and fantastic history are undoubtedly the focus of every guest's visit.